"Water water everywhere, not a drop to drink"- Researchers and scientists have predicted that this will be a reality soon. Probably 100 years from now there may be war for water. 40 years ago when the world came to know that the counties in the Middle East were BUYING water by selling oil some people laughed because there was so much water in their country it was amusing that a country needed to BUY water. Now, drinking water is sold all over the world. Someone joked that 100 years from now people may have in their prized possessions a small bottle containing water. And the 'proud' owners of this bottle will explain to their visiting friends that they're grandparents would use water for bathing.
Some realistic data of the current availability of potable water is as follows:
The surface area of earth is two thirds water and one third land. Water is found in the oceans and seas (saline), rivers, lakes, ponds, and wells. If you take all the water in the world to be 100 liters what do you think is the quantity of drinkable water? Make a wild guess and you'll still be wrong. It's just a teaspoon! Even that one teaspoon is getting contaminated by us. Animals use it for only drinking purpose. We use it for drinking, bathing, cleaning ourselves, homes, car, etc and in many countries polluted water is poured into canals, rivers contaminating it further which is reducing the 'one teaspoon' of water rapidly.
Many countries have started using desalination plants. Though this is not cost effective, it is the most popular method all over the world. Hence, it becomes urgent and important to save this natural resource as much as we can.
And the savings can begin at home. For example, in a city of one million households, even small savings of 10 liters a day per house is a total savings of 10 million liters a day which is more than 3.5 billion annually. One can easily start saving at home. The following are some of the simple methods that could help save a huge quantity of water.
- Fix leaking faucets and pipes( drops can add up to liters quickly)
- By making simple volume adjustments to the cisterns in your toilets you can save huge quantities of water annually
- Recycling gray water( used bath water) to fill the toilet cisterns will save many liters of water
- Do not the leave the water running when you don't need it (while brushing our teeth/ washing/ shaving / washing dishes, etc)
Note: Wastage of water impacts energy which in turn increases the amount of money you spend for utilities.
SMILE's "SAVE WATER" project
SMILE has established an innovative way to conserve water and since 2004. By "doing a slight volume adjustment in the cisterns of the water closets", SMILE has aided in conserving 250 million litres of water every day. SMILE volunteers have visited many Government offices, Private Offices, Old commercial establishments and many of homes and made the "water saving" adjustment in the cisterns of the water closets. SMILE has also motivated people to follow certain simple procedures to save water with no cost Involved. This has resulted in more than billions of liters of water being saved every year.
SMILE has also organized a "Save Water Awareness Walk" in Chennai in which thousands of people participated propagating the importance of saving water.